Muhammad Khatami has just been elected to the presidency of the Islamic Republic of Iran for a second four-year term. So what happens now? One would have to be very prescient indeed to have an answer to that question. Khatami has managed to impose and preserve his image as a reformer, both within the country and internationally, a feat which gave him a surprise victory four years ago against the Establishment candidate. But this image belies his political record. Too many people are unaware of the role played by this "smiling mullah" during the darkest hours of the Shiite revolution, as the man in charge of the notorious Ministry of Culture and Islamic Orientation. Following the relative failure of his first term of office, an impartial observer might well wonder whether Khatami will keep his promise to shepherd Iran back into the community of nations.