Politique Internationale - La Revue n°114 - HIVER - 2007

sommaire du n° 114
George W. Bush dans la tourmente
Article de Justin Vaïsse
Historien, chercheur au Center on the United States and France de la Brookings Institution (Washingt
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Times are hard for George W. Bush. His major goal of democratizing the Mid-East is stuck, like American troops in Iraq. He has had to sacrifice his faithful secretary of defense, Donald Rumsfeld, while even the architects behind the war, like Richard Perle, admit that the outlook is not good. Realists led by James Baker are returning to center stage. And the Republican party lost the recent mid-term elections, largely because public opinion no longer favors the war in Iraq. But Bush is not ready to give in. He has no plans to withdraw troops from Iraq, and will not abandon what he sees as his holy mission. During the last two years of their second term, occupants of the White House are more concerned with their place in history than with their standing in the latest polls. So Bush will carry out his plans, come hell or high water. Will history judge him more leniently than his contemporaries?
Notes :
(1) « États-Unis : l'hiver du néoconservatisme », Politique Internationale, n° 110, hiver 2006.
(2) Voir : William B. Quandt, « The Electoral Cycle and the Conduct of Foreign Policy », Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 101, no 5, 1986, pp. 825-837.
(3) Michael Fletcher, « Bush, in Vietnam, Says Change Takes Time », Washington Post, 18 novembre 2006.
(4) Conférence de presse « President Bush Participates in Joint Press Availability with Prime Minister Maliki of Irak », 30 novembre 2006. Voir : http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2006/11/20061130-1.html
(5) Bob Woodward, State of Denial, Simon & Schuster, New York, 2006.
(6) Les démocrates ont emporté 29 sièges à la Chambre (raflant une majorité de 232 sièges contre 201) et 6 au Sénat (obtenant une majorité effective de 51 sièges contre 49).
(7) Walter Pincus, « Follow the Money », Washington Post, 19 novembre 2006.
(8) Bob Woodward, State of Denial, op. cit., p. 406 et suivantes.
(9) Henry Kissinger, « Lessons for an Exit Strategy », Washington Post, 12 août 2005.
(10) Tariq Panja, « Kissinger: Irak Military Win Impossible », Washington Post, 20 novembre 2006.
(11) Richard Perle cité par David Rose, « Neo Culpa », Vanity Fair, 3 novembre 2006.
(12) Peter Baker, « Embittered Insiders Turn against Bush », Washington Post, 19 novembre 2006.
(13) Discours d'investiture du 20 janvier 2005, disponible à l'adresse : http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2005/01/20050120-1.html
(14 ) Rapport au Congrès, 18 février 1970, Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States, Richard Nixon, 1970, pp. 116-190. Accessible en ligne à l'adresse : http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ho/frus/nixon/i/20703.htm