Politique Internationale - La Revue n°137 - AUTOMNE - 2012

sommaire du n° 137
LA CHINE EN AFRIQUE
Entretien avec William GUMEDE
Professeur associé à l'Université du Witwatersrand (Johannesburg)
conduit par
Sabine Cessou
Journaliste indépendante, ancienne correspondante de Libération en Afrique du Sud. Afrique du Sud :
en français
in english
en español
en français
In this interview with Sabine Cessou, the influential South African economist and political analyst William Gumede takes a closer look at a phenomenon that is gradually shifting the balance inherited from colonialism, namely China's foothold in Africa, advancing slowly but surely. Beijing began to take a real interest in the African continent in the 1980s, against the backdrop of its strong economic growth. At the time, the major issue for China was the recognition of Taiwan. China made massive investments in an attempt to rally as many African countries as possible to its cause. But thirty years down the road, results are hardly conclusive. Trade is almost exclusively to the benefit of China, which purchases or exploits oil, mineral and agricultural resources on the continent, without these businesses benefiting the local economies. The Chinese import their own labor and live in a closed society. Meanwhile, African countries face a daunting uphill battle if they want to expand to the Chinese market.
Notes :
(1) Le Black Economic Empowerment (BEE, « montée en puissance économique des Noirs ») oblige tout investisseur à trouver un associé noir ou à passer des marchés avec des sous-traitants issus des « communautés historiquement désavantagées », victimes de discrimination sous l'apartheid.